The Anarchist Encyclopedia — D

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THE ANARCHIST ENCYCLOPEDIA:

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DANSE

Edwin Rothen


DARWINISME

J. C.


DARWINISME

Gérard de Lacaze-Duthiers

 


DEBACLE (FR/EN)

 

DEBACLE n. f. In the literal sense, the debacle is the consequence of a rise in temperature that, by causing a thaw, breaks the ice covering the rivers. This rupture splits the ice into countless blocks, which, drifting on the current, are sometimes very dangerous. In the figurative sense, the “debacle” is a synonym for ruin, disorder and confusion. The “debacle” of a government, that is the government’s powerlessness to cope with an existing situation. The “debacle” of an army, that is the abandonment of combat and the precipitous and confused flight of the troops before the enemy. “The debacle of capitalism will clear the way for the Proletariat.” “The Debacle:” a famous novel by Emile Zola. In that remarkable work, the great writer describes certain episodes of the war of 1870 and most particularly of the retreat of Sedan.


DEBINAGE

DEBINER

DEBROUILLAGE

DEBROUILLAGE

E. Armand

DECADENCE

DECADENT

DECENTRALISATION

DECHANTER

DECHEANCE

DECHRISTIANISATION

E. Armand

DECHRISTIANISATION

DECISION

DECLAMATION

DECLASSE

DECLENCHER

DECLIN

DECOMPOSITION

DECORATION

DÉCOUVERTE

DÉCRASSER

DÉCRÉPITUDE

DÉCRET

DEDUCTION

DÉFAILLANCE

DÉFAITISME

DÉFAUT

DÉFECTION

DÉFENSE LÉGITIME

DÉFENSE NATIONALE

DÉFENSE RÉVOLUTIONNAIRE

Louis Loréal

 

DÉFI

DÉFIANCE

DÉFINITION

Han Ryner

DÉFORMATION

DÉGÉNÉRESCENCE

DÉGRÈVEMENT

DÉIFIER

DÉISME

DÉLATION

DÉLÉGATION

DÉLÉGUÉ

DÉLIBERATIF

DÉLIBERATION

DÉLIQUESCENCE

DÉLIT

DÉMAGOGIE

DEMASQUER

DÉMEMBREMENT

DÉMENCE

DÉMOCRATIE

J. Chazoff


DÉMOCRATIE (FR/EN)

DEMOCRACY. Democracy is one of the capitalist and bourgeois forms of society. The basic of democracy is the maintenance of the two opposing classes of modern society—that of labor and that of capital—and their collaboration on the foundation of capitalist private property. The expression of that collaboration is the Parliament or representative national Government.

Formally, Democracy proclaims liberty of speech, of the press and of associations, as well as the equality of all before the Law. In reality, all these liberties have a very relative character: they are tolerated as long as they do not contradict the interests of the dominant class: the bourgeoisie.

Democracy maintains intact the principle of capitalist private property. As a result, it leaves to the bourgeoisie the right to entirely hold within its grasp the press, education, science, art, which, in fact, makes the bourgeoisie absolute masters of the nation.

Having a monopoly over economic life, the bourgeoisie can also establish its unlimited power in the political domain. In fact, in the democracies, Parliament and representative Government are only the executive organs of the bourgeoisie.

Consequently, democracy is only one of the aspects of bourgeois dictatorship, mingled with the deceptive formulas of political liberties and fictitious democratic guarantees.

Peter Arshinov


DÉMON

DÉMON

DEMONIAQUE

DEMONISME

DENATURER

DENI (de justice)

DENONCIATION

DENTS, HYGIENE DENTAIRE

M. Parent

DENUEMENT

DEPENDANCE

DEPEUPLEMENT

DEPOPULATION

DEPUTE

DESARMEMENT

DESARROI

DESASTRE

DESAVEU


DESERT (FR/EN)

DESERT n. That which is very seldom frequented, sparsely populated. A deserted country; a deserted house.

We have given the dame of desert to regions that are depleted or subject to almost continuous drought. These regions naturally have an almost total absence of vegetationtation. The principal deserts of the world are the Sahara, the Kalahari, Arabia Petraea, the Gobi and the Colorado. The Sahara is made of sand dunes and rocky plateaus, and is dotted with rare oases; it is inhabited by Moors, Tuaregs and Toubous, who are in large part nomadic populations. It has a length of 5000 kilometers and a width of roughly 1400 kilometers. It is the desert par excellence. The Egyptians came to fertilize certain parts of it through irrigation; but since the crumbling of Egyption civilization agriculture has been absolutely abandoned there. The Kalahari, much less important than the Sahara, is a desert of southern Africa. It is covered with shrubby vegetation and is inhabited by the Betchuanas, belonging to the kaffir tribes of South Africa. Arabia Petraea is the central part of Arabia, and forms an immense, rocky desert plateau where a frightening heat and absolute dryness reigns. It is fortunate for this country that its coasts are particularly fertile, and there they harvest in abundance coffee, cotton, sugar can, etc., etc.…. The Gobi is a large desert in Mongolia that extends between Siberia and Manchurua, and its climate is unequal. As for the Colorado, it is a region of North America that contains important mineral wealth, but which is almost totally uninhabited.


DESERTER

DESHERITES (les)

DESHONORER

DESIDERATUM

DESILLUSION

DESINTERESSEMENT

DESINVOLTURE

DESISTEMENT

DESOBEISSANCE

DESOLIDARISER (SE)

E. Armand

DESOLIDARISER (SE)

DESORDRE

DESORGANISATION

DESPOTISME

DESSEIN

DESSIN

DESSOUS

DESTIN

DESTITUTION

DESTRUCTION

DESUETUDE

DETAILLER

DETECTIVE

DETENTEUR

DETENTION

DETENU

DETERMINER

DETERMINISME

DETERMINISME

DETERMINISME ECONOMIQUE

DETONNER

DETOUR

DETOURNER

DETRACTION

DETROUSSEUR

DETTE PUBLIQUE

DEVELOPPEMENT

DEVENIR

DEVERGONDAGE

DEVIATION

DEVISE

DEVOIR

DEVOIR

DEVOTION

DEVOUEMENT

DEXTERITE

DIABOLIQUE

DIACONESSE

DIACRE

DIAGNOSTIC

DIALECTIQUE

DIALECTIQUE

DICTATEUR

DICTATURE

DIEU

DIFFAMATION

DIFFUSION

DIGNITE

DIGRESSION

DILEMME

DILETTANTISME

DILETTANTISME

DÎME

DIPLOMATIE

DIRECTION

DIRECTIVE

DISCERNEMENT

DISCIPLE

DISCIPLINE

DISCORDE

DISCUSSION

DISPUTE

DISQUALIFIE

DIVAGATION

DIVERGENCE

DIVORCE

DIVORCE

DOCTRINAIRE

DOCTRINE

DOCUMENTATION

DOGMATISME

DOGME

DOGME

DOMESTICATION

DOMINATION

DOUANE

DRAGONNADES (Les)

DRAPEAU

DROIT

DROITS DE L’HOMME ET DU CITOYEN (Déclarations des)

DROITS DE L’HOMME ET DU CITOYEN (Ligue française pour la défense des)

DUEL (Le)

DUEL

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About Shawn P. Wilbur 2300 Articles
Independent scholar, translator and archivist.